Oils and their Properties
Below are descriptions of most of the oils I use in my soaps. Different oils promote different qualities in a soap (from lather to moisturizing properties).
Sweet Almond Oil
It is an excellent massage oil and this luxurious oil is also wonderful in soap. It’s a light oil with nice moisturizing properties. Sweet Almond Oil is renowned for its rich concentration of oleic and linoleic essential fatty acids which help to give it unequalled penetrating and restructuring properties. Sweet almond oil will promote a rich creamy lather, and generate a conditioning finished product.
Avocado oil has a high content of skin nourishing vitamins (A, D, and E which makes it healing as well as moisturizing) and creates a creamy lather and generates a conditioning finished product.
Avocado oil is a great moisturizer
Castor seed oil increases the lather of a soap. It attracts and holds moisture in the skin. When used in combination with other vegetable oils, it produces a nice hard bar of soap.
This is a staple in most recipes. Coconut oil is great for adding firmness to a bar of soap. Coconut oil makes soaps lather beautifully but can be drying when it makes up a large portion of a soap’s fats.
Coconut Oil makes a very hard, white bar of soap with abundant lather.
High in linoleic acid, grapeseed oil will increase the slippery feel of your bar. It’s also said to add a unique creaminess to the soap’s lather. Grapeseed oil is a lightweight oil that absorbs into the skin quickly without leaving a heavy greasy feeling.
Jojoba oil, actually a type of liquid wax, is wonderfully moisturizing for both the hair and skin. Compared to other more delicate soap making oils, Jojoba is very stable with a long shelf life. It is suitable for all skin types, beneficial for spotty and acne conditions, and good for sensitive and oily skin. It also helps to unclog the pores and remove any embedded grime, restores and conditions hair.
Jojoba helps to promote a stable lather and is good at conditioning skin.
Palm oil offers hardness to a bar of soap and produces more of a creamy stable lather with very few bubbles. Palm oil makes a hard bar that cleans well and is also mild.
Shea butter adds a wonderful creamy lather, great conditioning properties and some hardness to your soap.
Cocoa Butter is naturally rich in Vitamin E as well as a number of other vitamins and minerals. Vitamin E helps to soothe, hydrate, and balance the skin and also provides the skin collagen, which assists with wrinkles and other signs of aging. Cocoa butter is used to make soaps harder.
Olive oil is excellent as a base oil in soaps. Olive Oil prevents the loss of your skin’s natural moisture, softens skin and attracts external moisture to your skin. It helps keeps your skin soft, supple and younger looking.
Aloe Vera Liquid/Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe vera is used in creams and lotions. It’s a well known healing and soothing agent for damaged, dry skin. It is soothing and healing for burns, skin irritations, and raw open wounds.
Beeswax makes a harder bar of soap.
Vegetable shortening is normally made out of soybean oil. It is readily available and produces a mild, stable lather. It makes a very hard bar
Wheat Germ Oil
Thick, sticky, and high in antioxidants, wheat germ is great for nourishing cracked skin and it helps to prevent and reduce scarring and may prevent stretch marks. Mature skin, in particular, will benefit from wheat germ oil. It’s also very rich in vitamin E.